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Ethiopia: mobile camel libraries keep children from forced labour

In a remote part of Ethiopia, one charity has come up with a novel way of protecting their children off school because of the COVID-19 pandemic from forced labour - camels bearing books.

The Ethiopian government closed its schools around mid-March, and sent more than 26 million children home, where experts say they are at greater risk from forced labour and child marriage.

Image credit Ethiopian Monitor

But in the country’s eastern Somali region, more than 20 camels have been deployed to carry wooden boxes filled with storybooks to help thousands of children in remote villages to continue their education.

“The scale of this crisis is huge, but we are determined to meet the needs of the most vulnerable and to ensure that no child is worse off at the end of this pandemic,” said Ekin Ogutogullari, country director for Save the Children, the charity behind the scheme.

“We want to make sure that children continue to read and learn, somehow, even though they are out of school,” he declared.

Save the Children launched the mobile camel libraries a decade ago, and the initiative has helped more than 22,000 children in 33 villages to get access to education during the pandemic. Community volunteers travel around villages with the camels, carrying boxes of books and a tent to set up a temporary library that stays in each village for two and a half days before moving to the next village.

The charity has adapted its mobile libraries to the new circumstances - before, children would gather around and read together, whereas now they take the books home and return them the following week.

Image credit Save The Children

Last month, Save the Children surveyed 30 Ethiopian children asking them about their concerns over the pandemic outbreak, and the situation that followed with it, finding they were worried about the economic pressure on their families and rises in early marriage and child labour.

One child from the Somali region, where people are already grappling with droughts, floods, disease outbreaks and invasions of desert locusts, admitted that many minors were having to work as herders or collect firewood while out of school.

It has been counted that almost 16 million children aged between 5 and 17 are engaged in child labour in Ethiopia, according to a national survey published in 2018.

Joan Nyanyuki, executive director of the Ethiopia-based African Child Policy Forum, a research institution, said the role of schools was to both protect and to educate children.

Image credit Lanesboro Public Library

“But now with schools closed, children are shut off completely from different benefits of the educational system,” she admitted.

“(They) are more prone to violence, abuse, and even at the risk of missing meals, which could result in malnutrition and hunger.”

Ogutogullari said the charity was trying to find creative ways to help children to continue learning. “We also know that the longer they are away from school, the higher is the number of children that might not be coming back to school,” he sadly concluded.


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